It has just been published, in the database of the US Patent Office (USPTO), a patent application (doc here) filed on April 26, 2014 by Industrial Heat, regarding some types of high-temperature E-Cats, or “Hot-Cats”.
Title: Devices and Methods for Heat Generation.
I immediately asked for an opinion about this doc to some my friends engineers and here’s the interesting information and material that I’ve collected so far:
“It seems a very important document. The most relevant part probably regards the COP reached by a Hot-Cat.
Already in the ‘summary’ of the patent application (page 1) we read that the best Hot-Cat has a minimum COP of 5.0: “In at least one example, a ratio defined by dividing the output amount of thermal energy by the input amount of energy exceeds 5.0”. And it is precisely the definition of Coefficient of Performance (COP).
In the ‘experimental results’ of the patent application, describing instead a test on a multiple reactor device, we read that a COP of 11.07 was measured using water calorimetry.
In particular, we read (page 15): “A total number of 18 reactors devices including a reaction chamber in which nickel powder and hydrogen react in the presence of a catalyst were used. Each of the reactors may absorb a power of about 1.1 kW”.
In such test, according to the patent application presented by Industrial Heat:
1) A 300 kW power generation provided the input electrical energy to trigger reaction initiation.
2) In order to be conservative, ALL the energy produced by the generator was assumed to be absorbed by the 18 reactors. In reality, a part of this energy fed the pumps which convey the water in the calorimeter and so would not have gone to feed the reactors.
3) The temperature of the outlet steam was always significantly higher than 100 degree Celsius.
4) In order to be conservative, was not taken into account the heating energy of steam. Moreover, for the same reason the temperature of the inlet water was always considered equal to the maximum value of the same measured during the whole test.
5) The COP was considered only during the period in which the reactor devices were operating: it was not considered during the phases of activation and de-activation.
Figure 9 of the IH’s Patent Application (the colored text was added for sake of clarity).
In other words, now we know for the first time that the COP of many Hot-Cats were measured using not only the infrared thermographic calorimetry, but also with a different and more accurate method, the water calorimetry. The results appear to be consistent and surprising”.
Well, this should put the word “end” to the majority of speculations and doubts on the COP!