The electrical engineer and freelance reporter Salvo Mandarà has just published, on his web TV channel Salvo5puntozero.tv, a 52-minutes long interview in Italian with Andrea Rossi, connected via Skype from Miami, USA. I’ve translated it for you.
The following are all – and only – the many relevant parts of the interview, being original with respect to what is already well known. I’ve adapted the questions, which in the original version were very long, and cut all the completely unnecessary parts in the answers:
1) What are the materials used by an E-Cat as a fuel?
“The materials used are relatively common and therefore with a very low cost. The basic components of the fuel, in fact, are nickel, lithium and hydrogen. The hydrogen is produced not through electrolysis but through a thermal process. The hydrogen, in fact, is contained in a molecule, practically in a tablet. With the rising temperature activated by electrical resistors, it is released and then is used in the course of the thermal reactions. Then, when the temperature is lowered again, a good part of the tablet is recomposed, so the hydrogen is recovered”.
2) How the excess energy is produced by an E-Cat?
“The physical process by which the E-Cat works is a process of so-called ‘Low Energy Nuclear Reactions’ or LENR, that is, reactions which take place in the nucleus of an atom at temperatures ‘low’ compared to those normally required for a nuclear reaction, which does not need to be a fusion. In fact, after these years of experimentation, testing, measuring and analysis, we noticed that the main source of energy in our reactor is not so much a fusion, but a shift of the isotopic composition of the atoms contained in the fuel charge. The origin of the thermal excess energy is due to the fact that in such process there is a very small loss in mass, that is transformed into energy according to the famous Einstein’s equation E = mc^2”.
3) Can an E-Cat operate in self-sustained mode?
“Yes. The reactor can be self-sustaining for periods of time long enough. However, also for safety reasons, it is necessary that there is always ready to intervene an external source of energy, that we call ‘drive’. In 24 hours of operation, the system can run in self-sustained mode for about 3/4 of the time, i.e. for 18 hours run in self-sustained mode, but for 6 hours the drive is used. When the reactor is operating in self-sustained mode, its COP is very high for obvious reasons, but also when operating in driving, i.e. with the external power source, there’s always a COP greater than 1”.
4) If there were no safety concerns, could a reactor run without an external drive, i.e. using only the self-produced energy?
“No, for reasons of control of the reaction there must always be the drive, i.e. an amount of energy ready to intervene to moderate the operation of the plant. And having a drive to do with the security, it cannot be intrinsic, that is, cannot depend on the same equipment but must be external. So it is not true that, if there were no safety concerns, the reactor could run in a stand-alone mode”.
5) In a more or less near future, could we dream of having an E-Cat on a car?
“The application of this technology to the automotive industry is extremely complex. I spoke with the CEO of Volvo and with other automotive technicians who were intrigued by this possibility. In the automotive field, there are huge problems from the point of view of safety certification. According to the CEO of Volvo, from the time when technology was ready for automotive application, it would take from 10 to 20 years to complete all the cycles of testing and certification”.
6) When will we see an industrial production of E-Cats?
“As a matter of fact, I would say that the industrial production has already begun, in the sense that now there will be a year of very careful study of a first industrial plant that has been provided to a customer of Industrial Heat. And my job will be stay there 15 hours a day to verify a whole series of details. Indeed, it is the first time that I can finally see a machine in operation continuously for a long period – that is, for one year – and then discover all the problems due to a prolonged use”.
7) When will we see a real mass production of reactors?
“Regarding the real mass production, I can say that mass sales will begin after this year’s audit. Indeed, in this way, when many machines will be delivered, we will be very sure of what will happen to the customer, while now we are still studying above. When I made the first prototype in Italy, I was able to use it only for a few hours, because there were problems, even on the authorization side, to keep in mind. Now I can, finally, work seriously!”.
Translation and adaptation – Copyright © 2014 Vessela Nikolova. All rights reserved.