As the most discerning readers know, on January 24 a 10-pages long paper by Andrea Rossi came out on ResearchGate, which advances some interesting explanations on the physics behind the operation of an E-Cat reactor. You can find it here.

The paper underlines that the realm of physics involved in the E-Cat function is most likely that of condensed matter on picometer scales (a picometre corresponds to a billionth of a millimetre), roughly halfway between atomic and nuclear ones, a domain in which interesting – probably even collective – phenomena can emerge that can be exploited to produce large amounts of (essentially free!) energy. But the most interesting aspect of the theory mentioned in the article is that it has an experimental confirmation – a sort of “signature” – in the spectrum produced by the plasma reactor during its operation.

As you can read in the section “Experimental Setup” of the cited paper,

The E-cat SK has been put in a position to allow the eye of a spectrometer view exactly the plasma in a dark room: an ohm-meter has measured the resistance across the circuit that gives energy to the E-Cat; the control panel has been connected with an outlet with 220V, while from the control panel departed the two cables connected with the plasma electrodes; a frequency meter, a laser and a tesla-meter have been connected with the plasma for auxiliary measurements; a Van der Graaf electron accelerator (200 kV) has been used for the examination of the plasma electric charge. Other instruments used in the experimental setup: a voltage generator/modulator; two oscilloscopes, one for the power source and one for monitoring the energy consumed by the E-Cat; Omega thermocouples to measure the delta T of the cooling air; IR thermometer; a frequency generator“.

Here below you can see a schematic picture of the experimental setup used for the kind of experiments performed to shed new light on physics behind an E-Cat. It was sent to me by one of the scientists involved in this venture and who prefers to remain anonymous. However, please note that it is an official setup approved by Leonardo Corporation (see last image).

I am pleased to announce the imminent public presentation of Andrea Rossi’s E-Cat SK reactor, which will take place on January 31st, and in which it will be possible to see this apparatus in operation. It is a plasma reactor derived from the E-Cat QuarkX, which in turn represented a third-generation E-Cat prototype.

An ad hoc Internet domain was created for the streaming of the event: which will start at 9:00 AM on the East Coast of the USA (in Italy it will be 15:00), and will last 2 hours. The resulting video will be published on the Rossi’s company website, Leonardo Corporation (, where it will remain available to those who want to view it. During the live streaming, Rossi will be ready to respond, in person or through a collaborator who will support him, to the questions of the listeners.

In the official presentation of the E-Cat SK, the functioning reactor will be shown in a pre-recorded video and the measurements of the energy produced will also be shown. It was shot in an industry that uses heat for winter heating.

Rossi and collaborators have positioned seven cameras in as many crucial points, making visible the plasma that is created inside the reactor. So, given these conditions, I would say that it is definitely worth watching the 2 hours of live streaming.

The purpose of the presentation of January 31 is not to obtain a scientific validation of a prototype: the objective of the event is merely commercial. During the presentation of the reactor, Rossi in fact will indicate to potential customers the methods of purchase and the cost of the heat produced by the reactor. It will be up to them to decide on their economic convenience and how to make the most of it.

The E-Cat weighs 1 kg and the control panel 10 kg. Regarding the physical dimensions of the E-Cat SK, Rossi said that the latter is about twice the QuarkX model that he had shown for the first time in public in Stockholm, in November 2017.

The evolution of the E-Cat over the last 12 years. Practically every 4 years a new generation reactor has been produced that can be used for practical applications.

In some more recent comments published on JONP, Rossi wrote that the client owner of the industry currently hosting the E-Cat SK has already ordered heat for a total power of 40 MW, which will not however be a single plant, but many distributed over several geographical locations. Naturally, the fact of not selling the reactor, but only the thermal energy produced by it – and with a 20% discount compared to its market value – is, in my opinion, a winning choice in this first phase.

In fact, this not only intrinsically demonstrates the goodness of the technology (the contracted customer pays only after receiving what is promised, therefore does not run any financial risk), but Leonardo Corporation, remaining owner of the plant and having developed a system that allows remote control, can more easily defend the intellectual property of what might one day be remembered – as I wrote in my book – as “one of the most important inventions of the last 100 years in the energy field”.

So, now it is almost smiling to reread the countless articles written over the years to denigrate the work of Rossi. On the other hand, it cannot be ruled out that in many fields of science the power of the lobbies is so great today that they are able to put in place a whole series of initiatives that break every ethical limit: from paying people to constantly manipulate the pages of Wikipedia to writing fake scientific articles (and not) to “balance” unwelcome results.

Not to mention the huge interests involved even within the same world of science, where we prefer to spend (and some would say “throw out the window”) billions and billions of euros to finance research that we will probably never see the practical results – how those on “hot” nuclear fusion – rather than investing one thousandth of such sums to probe new fields and little explored by so-called “mainstream” science.

Among other things, it is quite significant that the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) – which is the largest professional technical organization in the world – has organized, as befits a “potentially historic” event, just for January 31st a Meeting to follow live the streaming of the presentation of the E-Cat SK, and that even their magazine IEEE Spectrum has published an excellent article on LENR.

A screenshot of the beginning of the quoted article published on IEEE Spectrum.

We therefore have only to wait a little longer and see how this story will evolve over the medium and long term, given the implications that such an invention can have in the academic, scientific and economic-financial world. In the meantime, someone could have the desire to read this document. This is the complete deposition, in the suit between Leonardo Corporation and Industrial Heat, by Craig Cassarino, vice-president of AmpEnergo, former (and current?) licensee for the United States for the marketing of the E-Cat.

In conclusion, I feel obliged to point out that the presentation of January 31 could be an opportunity to admire one of the most extraordinary inventions of the history of Man. A dream realized.

UPDATE Jan 22: Leonardo Corp. has issued a press release introducing the upcoming event, titled “Leonardo Corporation to Introduce Revolutionary New E-Cat SK Heating Technology in Worldwide Broadcast”, that you can find here.

UPDATE Jan 24: New Andrea Rossi’s paper on ResearchGate: E-Cat SK and long range particle interactions