LENRIA, the new LENR Industry Association presented at ICCF-19 by Steve Katinsky and David Nagel – and now also online with a website – is potentially one of the most important news in the field.
It is a not-for-profit organization, as described in the website, “to advocate for both scientific study and, especially, commercial advancement of the field”. It joins the already existing LENR Cities on the marketing front of these new technologies but it aims to provide a variety of services to its members.
LENRIA’s recipients are, from one hand, LENR companies, Government agencies, Universities laboratories and, on the other side, Engineers, Scientists, Consultants, Technical personnel, Students. It’s incredible to see how many important companies are already involved in research on LENR (see the extremely clear picture).
A very well done slide presented by Katinsky and Nagel at ICCF-19.
The importance of an industrial association lies in being able to defend, in an organized way, the common interests of its members. These associations usually do a work seemingly invisible but actually very important to creating a lobby operating in the appropriate venues.
LENR may, for example, be deemed comparable to renewables, but a specific legislation is needed to enjoy similar incentives in the future. Organizations like LENRIA can be supportive of political initiatives in such a direction, and this is only the tip of the iceberg of the possible significant contributes to our movement.
In Italy, in recent years, many “Parliamentary Questions” have been submitted (you can see an example in the picture below) and they have not yet been received an answer. In this Country many politicians at the highest level are already aware of the revolution that might be coming and they still do not know what position to take.
An official question about LENR presented to the Italian Parliament on May 16, 2014.
Structures like LENRIA can help the stakeholders to decide for funding LENR research or support this revolution, if they act in an active way in the “circles” that counts. A completely new business is rising and it is an opportunity for all the people directly or indirectly involved.
Obviously, it is not a game for children. It is a demanding job that must be done by experts and authoritative people. I think LENRIA was founded by the right people, although soon they will need the support of other forces and perhaps input from the outside.
Steve Katinsky is a successful entrepreneur who became in recent years a LENR advocate and thus can be a game changer if he take it as a mission. He has founded multiple Internet based enterprises and now is a board member of Technorati, which is one of the 10 most important companies of USA in its category.
David Nagel does not need any presentation, being notoriously one of the most experienced scientists in the field of LENR and beyond, as well as an excellent teacher. He is retired from the Naval Research Laboratory, a US Navy research center in the USA, but the world of LENR still needs his endless enthusiasm and his clear vision of the situation.
The just published website of LENRIA, where you can register and download some files.
I hope LENRIA can stimulate a wide international cooperation in the field of LENR, although I realize that it is not easy, for many reasons. MFMP paved the way of a collaborative venture. It is only with the joining forces that we can achieve important results of which everyone can benefit. We must choose between a bright or dark future!
Here follows my translation into English of the very clear explanation of the physics behind the Fleischmann-Pons experiment, given in 2010 to a wide audience by the Italian theoretical physicist Emilio Del Giudice, in one of his popular conferences:
“The famous article by Fleischmann and Pons published in the ‘Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry‘ was very well written, so Giuliano Preparata and I thought we had figured out what was the phenomenon, and we felt that such explanation fit very well with our ideas about ‘coherence‘, which at the time Giuliano was developing.
The original paper by Fleischmann and Pons published on the J. Electroanal. Chem.
So, within a month and a half, we wrote a paper in which we proposed a possible explanation of the phenomenon. It should be said that the deuterium nuclei are formed by a proton and a neutron, so two deuterium nuclei consists of two protons and two neutrons, which would correspond to a helium nucleus if they were held together.
Given that, because of the Einstein’s Theory of Relativity the energy of an helium nucleus is a bit lower than the sum of the energies of the two deuterium nuclei, the fusion process leads not to a stable helium nucleus, but to a helium nucleus that I would say ‘hot’, i.e. that must get rid of energy. How can it get rid of this excess energy?
One option is usually studied by nuclear physicists, namely that the two nuclei come together on their own, without connections with others, in the empty space. There are no third bodies to which immediately transfer the excess energy. Due to momentum conservation, the only way that the core has to dissipate this energy is to break.
An example of outcome from a D-D fusion in the empty space.
In practice, from the core is ejected a proton or a neutron, or, with a probability of 1/1,000,000, a gamma photon, namely a ‘packet’ of electromagnetic energy. And this is the conventional nuclear fusion, or ‘hot fusion‘, so called because the nuclei are electrically charged, so they repel and a big effort is required to bring them closer to one another.
Simple calculations show that, to achieve the kinetic energies necessary to keep off nuclei enough to produce a nuclear fusion, it takes temperatures of millions of degrees, which we find only in the stars or in a nuclear bomb. For example, the hydrogen bomb, or H-bomb, is composed of a nuclear fission bomb which acts as a detonator, developing the temperatures required to ignite the nuclear fusion of deuterium.
To realize a hot fusion reactor, on the other hand, is a real challenge, because there are no materials that can withstand temperatures of millions of degrees, and to prevent the nuclei from touching the walls with the aid of powerful magnetic fields is an extremely difficult enterprise. Therefore, the hot fusion is certainly the energy of the future, in the sense that it will never have a present!
Using a metaphor, we can say that the problem of merging the two nuclei is in a way similar to the meeting of two candidate lovers that, if they can to overcome the hurdle of their bad character, would lead to an overwhelming passion. The just described road of the hot fusion, in this metaphor, corresponds to a ‘rape’.
There may be, however, another way to nuclear fusion, and it is the ‘cold fusion’, i.e. a fusion that does not require the high temperatures necessary for the hot fusion. In practice, instead of increasing the kinetic energy of the nuclei, we decrease the potential energy. In my metaphor, it is the path of ‘seduction’. But since the two nuclei repel, they cannot follow this route by themselves: a third body is required.
So if, instead of being in the empty space, we are in the matter – where there are not only positive charges but also negative charges, the electrons – there may find clouds of electrons that facilitate the fusion of two deuterium nuclei favoring their approach, a bit like the ‘old aunt’ who, once allowed two young people meet and fall in love, then disappear from the scene.
So, we could understand why, if the deuterium nuclei were placed not in the empty space but inside a metal – where there is an abundance of electrons that can perform the function of the old aunt – there is a density threshold such that when it is exceeded deuterium nuclei spontaneously begin to merger, as found by Fleischmann and Pons”.
EMILIO DEL GIUDICE (1940-2014) was an Italian physicist who has worked in the field of condensed matter. Theoretical physicist and professor at the University of Naples and pioneer of string theory in the early Seventies, later became known for his work with Giuliano Preparata at the Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN). It is also known for its excellent qualities of popularizer, in particular on quantum mechanics.