I found a document written in Italian and published online here by the retired physicist Camillo Urbani, who has been following for a long time the evolution of the “new energies”. It contains some interesting reflections resulting from the first Alexander Parkhomov’s report presented in Russia on a his successful replication of a Hot-Cat. I asked Eng. Ventola to translate it into English, also making all the necessary adjustments. Here’s the result:
I will illustrate a method proposed by Camillo Urbani to quickly test the fuel powders. It is based on the so-called “heat after death”, i.e. the heat progressively lost from reactor until it equilibrates with that of the surrounding medium, and with the “death” referring to cessation of electrical heating. So, now I report Camillo’s words, even though I made some little changes and integrations:
The 8 minutes of “heat after death” are well visible in this chart of the Parkhomov’s experiment.
“In the above chart published in the Parkhomov’s report, showing the external temperature of his reactor corresponding to different constant values of power input, we see that, with the electrical power off due to the breaking of the heating element, there is a temperature collapse of about 100°C, then there is an up and down trend, followed even by a strange rise in the last part. Finally, after 8 minutes from discontinued power supply, the temperature sharply falls.
The point is that, without power supply, these things can NOT happen. Indeed, a hot body at a temperature of 1200 °C has walls which emit a huge amount of energy by radiation (about the 85% in the ‘Dog Bone’ reactor of Andrea Rossi illustrated in the Lugano report), while the remaining thermal energy is dispersed mainly by convection. Then the cooling should be relatively gradual, and the temperature curve should lack ‘ascents’.
The intensity of the temperature drop depends on 3 factors: (1) Mass: the greater is the mass to disperse and more heat is present, so that the cooling time is longer; (2) Temperature: the higher is the temperature and faster the body emits heat, with an exponential trend in which the exponent value is 4; (3) Emitting surface: more is extended and sooner it cools, so the shape of the container affects the trend (a sphere requires more time to cool).
I looked on YouTube some movies like this, in which pieces of iron weighing about 0.15 kg were heated at a high temperature. In such cases, the time of variation of their color, in general, does not exceed 10 seconds. So, the 8 minutes of ‘heat after death’ resulting from the Parkhomov’s experiment in my opinion cannot be explained with a known process.
A video showing a 15 kW induction forge. You can see it clicking here.
Assuming, hypothetically, that there is some repeatability of this phenomenon, it would be useful to have a valid instrument, based on such process, to assess the fuel’s efficiency in producing excess heat – that is the goodness of the test with regard to LENR reactions – with various mixtures of powders and different experimental conditions.
Since we can expect a low reproducibility of the experiment, given the precedents of many types of experiments with LENR reactors made in the world over the past 25 years, it would be even more useful to have a method of analysis as fast as possible to be able to make many attempts. So here’s a simple proposal of a fuel test that allows a high execution speed and probably is more sensitive to the “heat after death” with respect to a Hot-Cat reactor.
You put all in an electrical heater, which leads the reactor to a high-temperature. Then, turning off the power to the heater, you can track the temperature diagram vs. elapsed time, graph which gives important indications about the amount of produced excess heat, useful for comparing different combinations of fuel through a differential analysis of the output energy.
To speed up the test and simplify the setup, you could consider to use an induction heater (similar to those used for cooking), which uses the electrical currents induced in appropriate materials to generate heat. But we should first see what is the effect of its intense variable electromagnetic fields (with frequencies of hundreds of kHz) on the reaction. You have also to tailor the reactor and the materials to make them suitable for this type of use.
An example of an induction heater used for applications other than cooking.
If using the method of inductive heating the reaction on which the Hot-Cat is based still works, the advantage would be considerable: indeed, in a few minutes it would be possible to bring the reactor to the desired temperature and to plot the cooling diagram for the powder we are interested in analyzing. However, steel loses its magnetic properties when heated above about 700 °C (the Curie temperature), so we cannot heat it with this method above 700 °C.
In a little time, therefore, one could test a powder mixture, then another powder sample prepared in another container, and so on. A small group of researchers, in a few days, could test hundreds of possible variants assessing the different effectiveness. In practice, with the typical budget and equipment available in a research center, it would be very easy.
The first variable to be analyzed will be, possibly, the type of gas contained in the reactor. I imagine that the first test should be done by introducing the dust in the quantities suggested by Parkhomov in his presentation, then heating to 200-300°C and heat-sealing the reactor. In this way, the original air remained inside will be less than 5% of the normal one. If you want to try with other gases, you can introduce appropriate chemical agents that release them.
The volume of the reactor chamber in which the powder is placed is another parameter to be evaluated, or to take into account. Indeed, if the available space for the expansion of the gas doubles, the pressure will halve. Since the operating pressure may have its importance, one can use multiple cylinders different from each other as regards the volume of the chamber, or you can vary its volume with a threaded screw (see the picture below).
The simple reactor for fuel tests based on “heat after death” proposed by Camillo Urbani.
The other variables to be analyzed, at this point, would be many. They include the variation of the relative amounts of the chemical elements already present (for example, the proportion between Nickel and Lithium Aluminum Hydride), the addition – one after the other, in rotation – of small traces of new elements (not only of new gas), etc.
The use of the induction heater would also have the additional advantage that the inductive pulse in the solenoid may then be modified, trying to get ‘Tesla-like’ pulses, characterized by a ‘hyper-current’ at least 10 times higher than the tolerable but maintained for very short moments, with a suitable dead time between a pulse and the other”.
Camillo Urbani – Physicist (translated by Eng. Roberto Ventola, author of the book “Hot-Cat 2.0“)
The oil prices, after that for some weeks had “U” shaped suggesting the beginning of a solid rebound, now are again falling down, prospecting gloomy scenarios, with values below the threshold for a likely global recession, as explained in an our previous post.
The official explanation for these falling prices, as well explained on some blogs by Tom Whipple – a retired 30-year CIA analyst considered one of the most highly respected experts of oil issues in the United States – is that “US oil stockpiles continue to climb and that, about a month ago two major investment banks issued reports forecasting that prices would fall still further in the next few months. The large drop in active drilling rigs in the US, and the assumption that US oil production would soon start falling too, sparked the recent rebound”.
End of day Commodity Futures Price Quotes for Crude Oil WTI (NYMEX).
According to the qualitative analysis of Whipple, “without any surge in demand, and none is currently in sight as the Chinese economy falters, the oil glut seems likely to continue for the next few months. Nearly all observers are saying that oil prices will eventually move higher, but that they are unlikely to stabilize at the higher level until there is solid news concerning major supply reductions, either from the US shale fields or from OPEC”.
But we prefer to analyze the facts searching for the “smoking guns” given by the coincidence in time between specific events and price variation, because the classical explanations of the ongoing trends in oil prices do not take into account the important new actor, that are LENR, and this is a big weakness of a traditional old-style approach to the problem.
In these last weeks, there have been many events regarding LENR. Have they had some effect on the oil prices? No one has discussed this topic. Let charts to speak!
We see that on February 18, shortly (more than a few minutes but less than a few hours) after the publication online, on Andrea-Rossi.com, of many impressive photos showing a 1 MW E-Cat in advanced stage of development by a large team, the oil price fell by about $ 2. The news about the photos is circulated starting from around 19:00, published on E-Cat World here (the post shows the date of the update, but the news has been posted on Feb 18).
Crude Oil chart showing the fall happened on February 18, 2015.
The important announcements made by Prometeon Srl on March 6 and, especially, on March 10 have triggered a new and more sharp fall of the oil prices, as shown in the chart below. In fact, on March 6, the blog E-Cat World has published the news that, according to a video of LENRG featuring Eng. Guido Parchi (President of Prometeon Srl), a group of researchers headed by the expert Prof. Christos Stremmenos is working on LENR for Prometeon Srl, former licensee for the E-Cat distribution in Italy and now a LENR startup.
Guido Parchi said also that his company is collaborating with STMicroelectronics regarding a new system of direct conversion of thermal energy into electricity, that let many speculate about a possible application to a LENR reactor. Parchi revealed: “We are already doing the first interesting experiments. The first tests have proven themselves very, very promising”.
A very interesting detail of Crude Oil prices in the last 3 months.
On March 10, E-Cat World has published an interview with Guido Parchi made by Frank Acland. Parchi gave new impressive details. He started with: “At the very first test we found some new elements in the ashes undoubtedly resulting from transmutation processes; their atomic numbers are in accordance with Storms’s theories”.
Then, he continued: “The scientific team has developed new advanced and challenging hypothesis about how to activate the LENR, control the reactions and avoid runaway phenomena that could cause the melting of the device and/or of the reacting cell; we are now realizing two new different reactors to check the theoretical assumptions”.
Obviously, it is likely that the announcement, made in the following days, of many other replication efforts ongoing and the news by Daniele Passerini about a possible new mechanism energetically advantageous to obtain methane from CO2 may have reinforced the effect, visible as an almost continuous fall in the oil chart. For all these reasons, probably hereinafter the oil prices will be quite difficult to predict and we’ll see unforeseen behavior.
This piece has been written in co-authorship with the Italian trader Simone P.
In the last 12-18 months there have been many tangible signs of a growing interest in LENR among different “types” of scientists, especially physicists. I would like to focus my attention on some of them, just to give an idea of the ongoing trend to the reader.
First of all, I can confirm – having information from another first hand source in Sweden different from Mats Lewan – that the Swedish branch of Lugano testers continues to investigate the LENR phenomenon. Their effort in such a direction includes some kind of replication (likely, of Rossi’s Hot-Cat) and the work is made in silence at the University of Uppsala. With their experiments, they want to give a real and independent contribute to the LENR research.
Also some mainstream physicists working at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) – soon directed by the discoverer of the Higgs Boson, the Italian Fabiola Gianotti, likely as a little “compensation” for the denied Nobel Prize – are studying some aspects related to LENR, but they prefer to operate in silence in this phase, so I cannot give further details, at the moment, regarding the researches underway in the European laboratory.
Fabiola Gianotti, the first female physicist appointed Director-General at CERN.
On the opposite side, some physicists still fight to refuse LENR: we know for sure that many researchers of the Italian National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) are working on themes somehow related to LENR, but only to “deny” them, even if in reality they are pathetically fighting – as Mats Lewan recently noted – “against Nature”.
For example, the INFN researchers Antonio Davide Polosa and Riccardo Faccini illustrated LENR with an unusual criticism at a so-called CERN colloquium titled “Low Energy Nuclear Reactions?”, hold in Geneva on January 16, 2014 (you can see the video streaming here). I would point out the “badness” that you can hear in the words of the speaker…
The INFN speaker attacks with badness LENR at the CERN colloquium, in Geneva.
So, it is quite clear that new people are appearing on the scene of LENR – even if not all with a real open mind and a wide knowledge of the field – and I have no difficulty to predict that, thanks to Rossi’s work, in the coming years there will be more and more scientists studying these phenomena from both the theoretical and experimental point of view.
Regarding the other replications of the E-Cat, Alexander Parkhomov‘s successful experiments and the ongoing attempts by the Bob Greenyer‘s Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project represent only the tip of the iceberg, that is the public tests, but much more work is done behind the scenes. Some interesting revelations will follow soon. Stay tuned! 😉
The first technical book on the E-Cat technology has just been published! The title is “HOT-CAT 2.0: How last generation E-Cats are made” and it is a valuable introduction to the more advanced reactor devices developed by Andrea Rossi and Industrial Heat.
The cover of the book, available as paperback on Amazon (click on) .com .uk .fr .de .es .it
From the Preface by Vessela Nikolova:
“I want to be absolutely sincere: this book was written by Eng. Roberto Ventola (a contributor of this blog), who has a technical background, and I appear undeservedly as an author. Therefore, I want to tell the reader how things really went.
Seeing as Eng. Ventola sent many technical articles to be published on the blog and I could not publish them all together, I suggested collecting and publishing them in a book, an idea that he enthusiastically agreed on, offering – in exchange for this opportunity – to donate half of the earnings to Vessy’s Blog Fund through my co-authorship.
Since my blog is financed only with free contributions coming from generous readers and sponsors, and because this is essential for its future survival, I have agreed to appear as co-author. However, my real contribution was only to standardize the style of the book to that of previously published articles and to make a few public communications.
I am very happy to have contributed in some way to the birth of this work, which I think will remain for many years as a reference book for all those who are seriously interested in the last generation Hot-Cat. It is a bit more technical than my book ‘E-Cat – The New Fire’, but I’m sure that most of readers will be able to appreciate it.
Despite the fact that I am not able to assess its more technical content, it nevertheless seems very intellectually stimulating reading to me, enhanced by about 115 figures that enrich the text, making it almost unique. I hope that this is really the beginning of a world energy revolution, though at this point many new characters will need to appear on the scene”.
You can read also the Introduction of the book written by Eng. Ventola downloading on your personal computer this excerpt of the first pages.
The full cover of the book:
Contents of the book “Hot-Cat 2.0”:
Some of the approximately 150 pages of the book (from the first draft):
You can find “Hot-Cat 2.0” on the bookstore Amazon.com clicking here
Amazon.uk – Amazon.fr – Amazon.de – Amazon.es – Amazon.it
ROBERTO VENTOLA is a 38 years old Italian Electrical Engineer. With over a decade of experience, he is currently working in a multinational company manufacturing electronic equipment, particularly in the computer field. He has a strong foundation in mathematics and possesses the creativity needed to develop projects regarding new technologies. His dream? To be the first to replicate a second-generation Hot-Cat.
VESSELA NIKOLOVA, psychologist, lives in Tuscany, Italy, and is already author of a book, E-Cat – The New Fire, the biography of Andrea Rossi. She founded and now manages a blog about Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR) and the E-Cat, touching on new themes in technology, targeted at an international audience.